Scientific Sessions 2015 - teaching CPR in a video

Families trained in CPR using video training without a manikin performed chest compressions similarly six months after their training as those who received video training with manikins, according to research presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2015.

Researchers studied 571 family members of cardiac patients who completed either video-only CPR training without a manikin or with a video self-instruction kit, including a practice manikin. They compared their CPR skills, including chest compression rate and depth, at six months after the training.

The rates of chest compressions per minute were similar regardless of whether the video training included a manikin or not. Chest compression depth was slightly lower in the group that did not train with a manikin, at 40 millimeters deep, compared to the manikin group, at 45 mm. However, according to researchers, the depths achieved in both groups fall within the 40 mm to 55 mm suggested range for maximum survival benefit.

Researchers said this is the largest study of CPR training and long-term retention among the general public and the findings suggests video-only training is as good an educational tool as video self-instruction with a manikin when it comes to chest compression rate. The difference in chest compression depth might have a minimal impact on survival, given the evidence-based range for maximum survival benefit.