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Featured research from Scientific Sessions 2015:

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1110-News-SS15-Breast cancer_TOH Heart drugs lessen damage
Adding a heart failure drug to breast cancer treatment lessens damage to the heart.

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1110-News-SS15_Cardiac rehab-TOH Cardiac rehab coverage expanded
Medicare’s and Medicaid’s newly extended cardiac rehabilitation coverage for chronic heart failure patients with symptoms has tripled the number who are now eligible.

52

1110-News-SS15_Pollution-TOH Reducing China’s pollution could save 900,000
Lowering air pollution to the level it was during the 2008 Beijing Olympics could prevent about 900,000 cardiovascular deaths and gain millions of life years in urban China by 2030.

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1110-News-SS15_eCigs in Hispanics-TOH Tobacco use fueled by e-cigs, hookahs
Tobacco use remains a serious problem among Hispanic/Latino adults, with increasing use and acceptance of e-cigarettes and hookah among younger tobacco users living in the United States.

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1110-News-SS15_Distressed woman-TOH Women more distressed after transplants
Women experience more symptoms of depression and anxiety, and feel they have less control over their heart health in the first 100 days after a heart transplant compared to their male counterparts.

49

1110-News-SS15_Alcohol-TOH Alcohol abuse may predict some heart failure
Alcohol abuse was associated with a 70 percent increased risk of congestive heart failure in adults and the link was especially strong among younger adults (60 years or younger) and those without high blood pressure.

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aedapp Smartphone device may rival stethoscope
HeartBuds, a smartphone compatible listening device for cardiovascular sounds, works as well as widely used Food and Drug Administration-approved traditional and digital stethoscopes and better than FDA-approved disposable stethoscopes.

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1110-News-SS15-Vivek Murthy_TOH Surgeon General encourages better health As surgeon general, Vivek Murthy is working to get people to eat better and move more, while he encourages clinicians and researchers to find more, and more modern, ways to help.

46

football College football linemen have higher risk after one season
Freshmen playing lineman for their college football team developed higher blood pressure and hearts that didn’t pump blood as well as non-lineman over the course of a single season.

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1110-News-SS15_CHF in school-TOH Kids with CHD not doing as well in school
Children with congenital heart disease do not perform as well in school as children without birth defects.

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1110-News-SS15_Bystander CPR-TOH Bystander CPR on kids increasing
Bystander CPR on kids is increasing and is improving survival from cardiac arrest outside the hospital.

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1110-News-SS15_Obese Kid-TOH Obese kids showing signs of heart disease Imaging tests of obese children — some as young as 8 years old — showed signs of significant heart disease and heart muscle abnormalities.

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1110-News-SS15_Exercise-TOH Bursts of intensity good for Type 2 diabetes Short bursts of high-intensity exercise improved cholesterol, blood sugar and weight among Type 2 diabetes patients more than 30 minutes of sustained, lower-intensity exercise.

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1110-News-SS15_Simple 7-TOH Life’s Simple 7 helps other chronic diseases Achieving the seven heart-health metrics of the American Heart Association’s Life’s Simple 7 also helps reduce many other chronic diseases.

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1110-News-SS15-PAD_TOH Plan reduces risks in PAD patients A risk reduction plan dramatically reduced the risk of amputations, heart attack, stroke or death for people with peripheral artery disease.

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teen cpr Apopka students learn Hands-Only CPR Students from Apopka, Florida, attended Scientific Sessions on Monday and were trained in what to do in case of cardiac arrest.

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1109-News-SS15-Gary Gibbons_TOH New era of precision medicine closer to reality A new era is forming around the collection and interpretation of raw data, according to Gary Gibbons, director of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.

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1109-News-SS15-Transplants_TOH Wealthiest – not sickest – patients may have an edge in organ transplants Registering with more than one organ transplant center appears to give an edge to wealthy patients over those with the most medical need.

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1109-News-SS15_Hispanics-TOH Hispanics undertreated for high cholesterol Only one-third to one-half of Hispanics eligible to be treated with cholesterol-lowering statins are taking them.

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1109-News-SS15_CVD rise-TOH Fewer people achieve cardiovascular health The number of people who have the ideal cardiovascular health score, as defined by the goals in the American Heart Association’s Life’s Simple 7, has decreased during the last 20 years.

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1109-News-SS15-HBP_TOH More aggressive treatment of high blood pressure saves lives When the National Institutes of Health released teaser data in September from a major study showing that a more aggressive reduction in high blood pressure could significantly lower the rates of cardiovascular diseases and death, some criticized the agency for touting preliminary results that didn’t give doctors and patients the whole story.

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1109-News-SS15_3D printer-TOH 3D printing can tailor pills for individuals Personalized medications, based on a person’s medical and biological profiles, can be produced with high precision through 3D printing.

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1102-News-SS15-Partners_TOH Intimate Partners concerned Intimate partners of heart defibrillator patients are more concerned about resuming sexual activity than the patients.

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1109-News-SS15-TargetBP_TOH Blood Pressure Initiative A new initiative aims to help people with high blood pressure get it under control.

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1109-News-SS15_Disparities-TOH Care disparities for women, black patients Women with heart disease are less likely than men to receive optimal care at discharge from U.S. hospitals — a gender disparity that leads to a higher death rate among women with heart disease.

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1110-News-SS15_Exercise-TOH Activity may cut BP for Type 2 diabetes Just a few minutes of light activity for people who sit most of the day – a short stroll or some squats at your desk every thirty minutes – can lower blood pressure for people with Type 2 diabetes.

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google AHA & Google Life Sciences The American Heart Association and Google Life Sciences announced Sunday plans to work together on a $50 million, five-year project that aims to bring a fresh approach to fighting heart disease.

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1108-Feature-Vascular Disease Crisis SS15_TOH Vascular disease crisis Dr. Mark Creager saw peripheral artery disease firsthand with his father and now is working to raise awareness during his tenure as president of the American Heart Association.

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telemonitoring Telemonitoring Using telemonitoring to keep heart failure patients on track after being discharged from the hospital failed to lower hospital readmissions or deaths.

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New initiative to use crowdsourcing to study cardiovascular disease A new initiative between the American Heart Association and Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute will fund innovative research methods and crowdsourcing to study cardiovascular disease.

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Carbon monoxide linked to stroke risk High levels of exhaled carbon monoxide was associated with a greater risk of future stroke and transient ischemic attack among seemingly healthy adults.

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1108-News-SS15_ICD benefit-TOH ICDs benefit some Long QT Syndrome patients Implantable cardioverter defibrillators can prevent life-threatening rhythms in patients with a hereditary heart rhythm disorder (Long QT Syndrome), including those who have not previously suffered cardiac arrest.

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1108-News-SS15_New drug-TOH Study: New drug works restoring heart rhythm The multi-channel blocker vernakalant restored sinus rhythm more often and much faster than the widely used class III drug ibutilide in patients presenting to the emergency room with recent-onset atrial fibrillation (quivering or irregular heartbeat).

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1108-News-SS15_Energy drinks-TOH One energy drink may boost risk Drinking one 16-ounce energy drink boosts blood pressure and stress hormone responses in young, healthy adults.

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fishinspace Fish in space Space — a research frontier for scientists looking into matters of the heart.

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3D image may match hearts for children A new 3D computer modeling system may significantly improve a surgeon’s ability to select the best sized donor heart for children receiving heart transplants.

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Will taking the bus make you healthier? Riding the bus or train to work is associated with a lower risk of high blood pressure, diabetes, and being overweight.

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Cell stacking may create blood vessel parts By stacking rings of cells like a roll of Life Savers candy, researchers developed a tube of tissue that might one day serve as blood vessel replacement parts.

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Homemade meals may reduce Type 2 diabetes If you eat more meals prepared at home, you may reduce your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.

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The No. 1 killer is invisible to most women Even though heart disease and stroke are the No. 1 killer of women in the U.S., most women say they don’t have a personal connection to cardiovascular disease.

14

Moving to a walking neighborhood good for BP People who moved from a neighborhood that required a vehicle to run errands to one where walking errands were convenient were significantly less likely to have high blood pressure than people who moved from one low-walkability neighborhood to another low-walkability neighborhood.

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Kids learn healthy lifestyle in garden program Children learned to grow vegetables and the value of a healthy lifestyle in a school-based program tailored for their low-income, desert community.

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Tissue grown for tiny blood vessels Japanese researchers at the National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center grew very narrow, tube-shaped tissue that could function as a blood vessel.

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Treatment may aid in healing kidney injury Dispatching healing cells equipped with proteins that serve as a guidance system may improve recovery when sudden damage occurs to the kidney.

10

Spice improves heart function survival The active ingredient in the spice turmeric, called curcumin, may help shield the heart from damage after cardiac arrest and resuscitation.

9

GTO initiative to improve care The American Heart Association’s new Guideline Transformation and Optimization initiative will aid healthcare providers in delivering optimal care for heart disease and stroke patients.

8

Middle schoolers learn CPR in one PE class A one-time, 45-minute educational session on basic life support has the power to greatly improve middle school students’ CPR knowledge and skills.

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Increased brain damage with in-hospital, at-night cardiac arrests Hospitalized patients suffering cardiac arrest at night are more likely to have poor neurological outcome, compared to day time patients.

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Mostly no brain damage with cardiac arrest Most adults who survive out-of-hospital cardiac arrests emerge with their brain function intact, even if their resuscitations took longer than previously recommended.

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Can’t find an AED? There may be apps for that Although it may be difficult to find community-based AEDs, a new smartphone application helps connect rescuers with lifesaving AEDs and victims with sudden cardiac arrest.

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Some CPR training sans manikin still effective Families trained in CPR using video training without a manikin performed chest compressions similarly six months after their training as those who received video training with manikins.

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Life saving AED’s often in locked buildings Most public automated external defibrillators are in buildings that aren’t open 24 hours.

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Scientific Sessions 2015 Attending the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions is akin to picking from an all-you-can-eat buffet at a five-star restaurant.

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Smartphones in medical research Medical researchers are changing the way they investigate diseases now that millions of people are carrying smartphones.

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