By AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION NEWS
Children with congenital heart disease do not perform as well in school as children without birth defects, according to a study presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2015.
Researchers used North Carolina third-grade public school records to compare end-of-grade test results for children born with congenital heart disease to those of children without birth defects in 1998-2003.Compared to children without a birth defect, those with congenital heart disease were:
- 40 percent more likely not to meet proficiency standards in reading;
- 20 percent more likely not to meet standards in math;
- 50 percent more likely not to meet those standards in both subjects; and
- 2.8 percent were held back in the third grade (compared to 1.9 percent of children without birth defects).
A child’s history of congenital heart disease is important in determining a student’s need for specialized education services, according to the authors.